Volume 23, Issue 2 (2023)                   MCEJ 2023, 23(2): 123-133 | Back to browse issues page

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Moslehi M, fayyaz M, Ahmadi S. Polyvinyl Chloride Composite Paste for Coating in Concrete Canvas Structure with Casting Technology: Preparation and Characterization. MCEJ 2023; 23 (2) :123-133
URL: http://mcej.modares.ac.ir/article-16-61878-en.html
1- Imam Hosein Uni Researcher
2- Civil Engineering Department. Assistant Prof , m.fayyaz@modares.ac.ir
3- Imam Hosein Uni- Assistant Professor
Abstract:   (1057 Views)
The concrete canvas product consists of three main parts: the three-dimensional (3D) substrate with the cement mixture, the geo-membrane layer and the desired adhesive to connect the geo-membrane layer to the three-dimensional substrate. The three-dimensional layer is generally made of polyester, polypropylene and other engineered polymer had good mechanical and chemical properties, and has different thicknesses, suitable for various applications. This three-dimensional layer is designed in such a way that it has different textures on both sides so that the cement is poured into the space of the three-dimensional layer on one side and nothing spills out of the other layer. In the next step, this process is completed by connecting the geo-membrane layer to it. In industrial application; the geo-membrane layer formulation (including polymer-based resin, emollient, impact curing, filler, etc.) is designed in such a way that in addition to moisture insulation properties, mechanical strength and good chemical resistance to moisture dilute alkaline and acidic environments. In this way, a desired adhesive with desired formulation (including adhesive base resin, solvent, activator and type of catalytic additive, etc.) was selected for connecting of geo-membrane to 3D substrate. To achieve a suitable product, in addition to the geo-membrane layer, the adhesive selected to connect the geo-membrane layer to the three-dimensional substrate must have the appropriate viscosity to be able to completely cover the three-dimensional substrate and cause the two layers to be fully connected to each other. . If the adhesive used cannot create a suitable coating on the geo-membrane layer, by penetrating the fluid around the adhesive, it will weaken and thus destroy the entire coating layer and thus separate the layered concrete layers. In this way, one of the main disadvantages of concrete canvas produced by conventional methods is the separation/layering of the coating layer from the concrete canvas substrate due to thermal and mechanical stress, which weakens the adhesive connecting the layer to the substrate which creates practical problem for this product. In this work, the polymer casting technology based on polyvinyl chloride paste was used to cover a concrete canvas and the properties of the product were investigated. In this method, the polymer paste is coated on the three-dimensional substrate in one step without using (geo-membrane / adhesive) by Dr. Blade knife in a certain thickness. The results showed that the fabric concrete made based on the PVC paste casting method, has good sealing, mechanical and chemical resistance and has good resistance against layering. The results showed that the fabric concrete product obtained from the polymer casting method based on (resin / polyvinyl chloride paste) in terms of mechanical strength, showed acceptable properties compared to the geo-membrane layer and the overall fabric concrete product and also in terms of chemical properties (resistance to various solvents), it has a much better resistance than the sample made by conventional methods (geo-membrane / adhesive). This product (concrete canvas) has also shown better resistance to water leakage against the sealing of the product, the overall product made by the polymer casting method. 
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Civil and Structural Engineering
Received: 2022/05/29 | Accepted: 2022/12/14 | Published: 2023/05/31

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