Volume 23, Issue 2 (2023)                   MCEJ 2023, 23(2): 107-122 | Back to browse issues page

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Farahmandpey S, Broumand P, Amiri S, Shekari M. Investigation of the Effects of Annular Baffles on the Seismic Behavior of Fixed-Base Cylindrical Liquid Tanks. MCEJ 2023; 23 (2) :107-122
URL: http://mcej.modares.ac.ir/article-16-61504-en.html
1- M.Sc. in Water and Hydraulic Structure Engineering at Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran. , mamiri@shirazu.ac.ir
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Estahban Higher Education Center, Estahban, Iran.
Abstract:   (1051 Views)
 By studying the literature on liquid storage tanks and their seismic behavior, it is observed that sloshing waves have caused severe damages to the walls and upper parts of these structures. As a remedy, some researchers have provided passive control systems to mitigate the seismic responses; one of these passive systems is annular baffles which are mounted on different heights of the tank wall. In the present study, seismic behavior of the slender and broad fixed-based tanks with baffles of different geometries have been examined; for this purpose, the deformation of the tank shell and baffles in the time and frequency domains are considered. The coupled acoustic-structure formulation based on fluid pressure and structure displacement has been used in the framework of linear finite element method in ABAQUS commercial software. At the interaction surface, fluid pressure and the normal acceleration of the structure interact with each other using the surface-based interaction capability of the ABAQUS software. The liquid is assumed to be compressible, inviscid and irrotational, and seismic loading is applied to the liquid-filled storage tanks' supports. The models are verified by comparison with the results that are reported in the literature in frequency and time domains. A parametric study is performed on Ri/R radius ratio and h/H distance ratio of baffles in the slender and board tank. Results indicated that in the frequency domain, the geometry with ratios (Ri/R=0.3, h/H=0.1 ) of the baffles which has the biggest radial coverage and the smallest distance ratios from the liquid surface, has the highest reduction effect on the frequency of the first convective mode of the slender and broad tanks, equal to 43% and 68%, respectively. Therefore, top-mounted baffles with considerable radial coverage, have higher effects on reducing the frequency of the first convective mode of the tanks. Baffles have fewer effects on the frequency of the first impulsive mode than on the first convective mode. Besides, analyses in the time domain revealed that top-mounted baffles with medium and small radial coverage in the broad tanks caused the increase of the sloshing wave amplitudes by about 68%, at worst cases. Baffles with less effects on the first convective modes were more effective on decreasing the sloshing wave amplitudes. Therefore, satisfactory performance of the baffled liquid tanks may not be obtained by solely relying on the frequency of the first convective mode of the tanks, due to unwanted increase of sloshing amplitudes in the special cases of liquid tank geometry and baffles. According to the results, in the board tanks, top-mounted baffles may amplify the seismic response of the system and thus, considerable attention is required on the use of passive devices in such tanks. Unlike the broad tanks, baffles have satisfactory influences on the seismic behavior of the slender tank. It’s recommended that when the baffles are used as a passive controlling system in a broad tank, all of the tank responses such as base shear, hydrodynamic pressure, and etc. to be considered; since, these responses may increase significantly if top-mounted baffles are used.  Analysis in time domain also indicates that the differentiation between the slender and broad tanks in studying the baffles' effects is crucial. In general, using middle-mounted baffles is recommended as an efficient passive system to mitigate the sloshing waves in broad tanks.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Hydraulical Structures
Received: 2022/05/14 | Accepted: 2022/12/14 | Published: 2022/11/1

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