Volume 20, Issue 3 (2020)                   MCEJ 2020, 20(3): 1-12 | Back to browse issues page

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TAHERI AMIRI M J, Ashrafian A, Berenjian J, Asghari Tilaki F. Optimization of Mixture Proportions of Self-compacted Fiber Reinforced Concrete incorporating Polypropylene using Genetic and Crow search Algorithms. MCEJ 2020; 20 (3) :1-12
URL: http://mcej.modares.ac.ir/article-16-38323-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Higher Education Institute of Pardisan , jvd.taheri@gmail.com
2- MSc in Civil Engineering, Tabari University of Babol
3- Assistant professor, Babol University of Technology
4- MSc student in Civil Engineering, Tabari University of Babol
Abstract:   (2194 Views)
The utilization of concrete Incorporating with fibers is one of the proper issues of construction industry in last years. The main focus of this research to design a high performance self-compacted fiber reinforced concrete (SCFRC) by using an evolutionary algorithm, which is implemented in MATLAB. Crow Search Algorithm (CSA) and Genetic Algorithm (GA) are statistical ways which are developed by optimization based meta-heuristic solutions. A total of 67 concrete mixtures were considered by varying the levels of key factors affecting concrete strength of concrete, namely, water content (137.2-195 kg/m3), cement content (325.5-520 kg/m3), coarse aggregate content (722-920 kg/m3), fine aggregate content (804.9-960 kg/m3), nano silica content (0-49.6 kg/m3),percentage of volumetric of fibers (0-0.9 %), lime stone powder content (0-288.9 kg/m3) and superplasticizer content (1.75-10.5 kg/m3) were developed to design optimized mixture proportions. The objective function called maximizing concrete strength was formulated as an optimization problem on the basis of Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) method. The constrains including ratio of mixture proportions and absolute volume of mixture design were utilized to obtain an optimal-strength and cost-effective design. The concrete technological constraints were identified as the factors of experimental design for concrete production. The evolutionary implementation of results reached incorporating mixture proportions having strengths in range of 30 - 88.7 MPa. Five numerical examples for optimum mixture design of SCFRC were considered to evaluate the capability and efficiency of CSA and GA algorithm. These results were compared and concluded that CSA (3.38-14.49 % of mean error) performed better than GA (7.95-15.52 % of mean error) for this application. Also, the proposed evolutionary CSA and GA algorithms are found to be reliable and robustness tools to solve and optimize engineering and concrete technological problem.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Civil and Structural Engineering
Received: 2019/11/16 | Accepted: 2020/06/10 | Published: 2020/10/31

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