Volume 19, Issue 4 (2019)                   IQBQ 2019, 19(4): 201-214 | Back to browse issues page

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Mousavi S M, Madandoust R, Ranjbar M M. Investigation of the effect of water to cementitious materials ratio and silica fume on the fracture behavior and brittleness of high strength concrete by size effect method. IQBQ. 2019; 19 (4) :201-214
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-16-30668-en.html
1- PhD student of the University of Guilan
2- Associated professor of Faculty of engineering of the University of Guilan , rmadandoust@guilan.ac.ir
3- Associated professor of Faculty of engineering of the University of Guilan
Abstract:   (958 Views)
In structural engineering, concrete is known as a material with brittle behavior that the tensile strength of which is negligible compared to its compressive strength and show low resistance to crack propagation. Moreover, the concrete can be considered as a quasi-brittle material, which is due to the type of behavior related to the crack propagation and is also existed around the crack tip of fracture process zone (FPZ) that involves a set of microcracks. From the perspective of structural behavior, the size effect of the structure is one of the most important concepts provided by the fracture mechanics; therefore, it is important to provide an equation between concrete fracture properties such as fracture toughness (KIC) and fracture energy (Gf) and its correlation with the size effect mechanism. The fracture energy is one of the most important characteristics for analysis of fracture behavior in concrete, evidenced to be a concrete property, showing its strength to cracking and fracture toughness. Given that the fracture energy (Gf) is sufficient to calculate the fracture behavior evaluation for the brittle materials in range of linear fracture mechanics, for the quasi-brittle materials such as concrete, this is not a sufficient parameter due to the presence of microcracks in the fracture process zone, and the length of fracture process zone (Cf) is one of the important properties of fracture in the unlimited-size structures. For determining the fracture parameters of concrete, various methods have been proposed. One of the most important methods that is presented by Bazant is the size effect method (SEM). The use of high strength concretes is increasing due to the expansion of the construction technology of these concretes. This research studies and analyzes the fracture behavior of high strength concrete (HSC) with various amounts of silica fume, along with a change in water to cement (w/c) ratio with SEM. In this experimental study, a total of 10 mixing designs have been tested. To investigate the effects of different w/c ratios in the range of HSC and the effect of silica fume, four w/c ratios of 0.24, 0.3, 0.35 and 0.4 Examined and in two w/c ratios of 0.24 and 0.35 a mix design for plain concrete without silica fume and three mix designs prepare with silica fume content of 5%, 10% and 15% by weight of cement. To determine the fracture characteristics of concrete, a total of 120 beams were tested. The results show that by decreasing the w/c ratio from 0.35 in the range of HSC, the value of initial fracture energy (Gf), the effective length of fracture processing zone (Cf) and the critical crack tip opening displacement (CTODc) has decreased and on the other hand the brittleness number (β) has increased. Also, by increasing the amount of silica fume in the w/c ratios of 0.35 and 0.24, the fracture energy, the length of the fracture processing zone, the fracture toughness (KIC), the critical crack tip opening displacement has reduced, and the brittleness number has increased. The results show that by using the fracture parameters obtained from the SEM, the maximum load on the high strength concrete specimen can be predicted correctly.
Full-Text [PDF 894 kb]   (236 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research |
Received: 2019/02/22 | Accepted: 2019/07/9

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