Volume 10, Issue 4 (2010)                   MCEJ 2010, 10(4): 47-55 | Back to browse issues page

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khodadady A, Ganjidoust H, Bani Mostafa3 E. Cyanide Removal From Contaminated Sediment of Tailing Dam by Electrokinetic Technology. MCEJ 2010; 10 (4) :47-55
URL: http://mcej.modares.ac.ir/article-16-11015-en.html
Abstract:   (8544 Views)
There are known techniques for cyanide remediation from contaminated soil such as soil washing, soil oxidation and biological degradation. However, there is very little research for electrokinetic remediation of cyanide from soil. This study investigates the application of electrokinetic remediation to contaminated soil with high clay content and low coefficient of permeability. The experiments were conducted with two electrodes as cathode and anode poles, which were placed inside the soil using the direct electrical current. Thus cyanide ions were transported to the anode pole and caused the remediation of the soil. The contaminated soil from tailing dam of Takab gold processing plant was used. Contaminated soil with the concentration of 420 mg/kg, distilled water and NaOH were employed in the electrokinetic cell. The experiments were conducted on the optimum moisture content of clayed soil at two voltage gradients (1.0 and 1.5 VDC/cm for the duration of 7 and 14 days) in order to assess the effect of voltage gradient when employing 1M NaOH solutions and distilled water at the anode pole. For each test, cyanide removal efficiency, the pH of the soil, moisture content, electrical conductivity and the electrical current and flow were determined. The measurements were conducted for the entire duration of electrokinetic experiments and at the end of the test. The results indicated that the cyanide removal obtained in 7 and 14 days was approximately 65% and 80%, respectively. The results also showed the pH of the soil was changed from 8.83 to 1-2 for the anode and to 12-13 for the cathode pole. The cyanide transported to the cathode and the pH were the most important dominant factors for cyanide remediation.
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Received: 2006/12/4 | Accepted: 2007/06/3 | Published: 2011/03/2

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