Volume 18, Issue 1 (2018)                   IQBQ 2018, 18(1): 43-54 | Back to browse issues page

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Tarinejad R. Effects of blast loading on the response of concrete arch dam (Case study: Karun 4). IQBQ. 2018; 18 (1) :43-54
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-16-21207-en.html
1- Faculty Member
Abstract:   (1149 Views)
Dams are one of the most important structures which are built to prepare water for different usages such as drinking, agriculture, industrial, flood control and hydro power generation. Due to the importance of dams and increasing number of terrorist attack, Stability of dam structures against blast loading is important. Dam responses depend on magnitude of released energy and if the dam structure could not be able to resist and maintain its stability against this energy, irreparable consequences will happen. Explosion is a sudden release of energy which could be like gases combustion, nuclear explosion or any kind of bombs. TNT unit usually used as reference to determine the explosion power. Some of basic properties of an explosion are random location of explosion, transient loading and short time loading (up to few seconds). When blast loading happened, energy will released suddenly and this released energy include thermal radiation and wave scattering in air and earth. The waves which scattered in the air are the main factor to structural damage. These waves move faster than sound wave velocity and impact the structure. Due to reflex from structure surface, the pressure of these waves increased and also some air waves penetrate to structural elements from openings such as doors and windows. This process continues until all available parts of the structure affected by pressure waves. In this research, the effects of blast loading on Karun 4 dam are investigated. To this purpose, dynamic analysis of dam-reservoir-foundation system is performed by finite element model using ABAQUS software. Dam-reservoir-foundation modeled three dimensional in which reservoir length is three times greater than dam height. The foundation modeled as a hemi-sphere with a radius of three times greater than dam height. Non-linear material behavior also considered by using concrete damage plasticity method. The CONWEP theory is used to model blast loading. To verify the blast modeling theory and software abilities, a steel plate which investigated under blast loading in references has been modeled and the results shows same responses with the paper. The responses of dam are investigated under two different reservoir conditions include full and empty conditions. Analysis also done for three different explosion points in three different elevations. Explosion points are near base, mid height of dam and near dam crest respectively. All these points have 10 m distance from dam structure. TNT mass used in each noticed conditions, is the minimum amount of TNT which cause damage in dam body. The results indicate that the responses of the dam is very sensitive to mesh dimensions. The results also show, water level has not great effect on explosive mass which is needed for structural damage of the dam. In both full and empty reservoir conditions, when explosion happened near the dam crest, the displacement is more than other cases. It is noteworthy that when the explosion happened near the crest, the maximum displacement of the crest and the point in front of the explosion point, occur in same time but when the explosion point is in middle and also near the base, theses displacements are not in same time.
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Received: 2018/05/23 | Accepted: 2018/05/23 | Published: 2018/05/23
* Corresponding Author Address: Tabriz

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