Volume 14, Issue 20 (2014)                   MCEJ 2014, 14(20): 137-146 | Back to browse issues page

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Mokhtarani N, Khodabakhshi S, Ayati B. UV-TiO2 Photocatalytic Degradation of Compost Leachate. MCEJ 2014; 14 (20) :137-146
URL: http://mcej.modares.ac.ir/article-16-951-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Civil & Environmental Engineering faculty, Tarbiat Modares University
Abstract:   (5153 Views)
UV-TiO2 Photocatalytic Degradation of Compost Leachate Abstract The growing rate in solid wastes production leads to considerable generation of leachate. Leachate is defined as the aqueous effluent generated as a consequence of precipitation percolation through wastes, biochemical processes in wastes body and the inherent water content of wastes themselves. Since the leachate contains significant amount of organic and inorganic compounds, it is not allowed to be directly discharge to the environment. Conventional treatment techniques to remove organic matters from leachate include physical, chemical and biological processes. Most of these techniques are non-destructive and do not solve the environmental problems because the wastes are simply transferred from water to another phase creating secondary wastes pollution. Biological method was regarded as the most efficient and cheapest process to eliminate organic materials from leachate. However, biological process cannot usually remove refractory substances. Therefore, the effluent values of the organic content do not meet the standards of the treated wastewater with respect to persistent contaminants. Due to limited biodegradability, the treatment of leachate, apart from biological methods necessitates the application of other methods, which complement and support the main process. Advanced oxidation process has been intensively studied in the past decade to improve the removal of these large refractory organic molecules or to transform them into more easily biodegradable substances. Among them photocatalytic process is one of the appropriate methods for final treatment of these kinds of waste. In this study, application of photocatalytic process via UV light and TiO2 Nano particles immobilized on concrete surface in post-treatment of composting leachate was investigated. This investigation was conducted in laboratory scale and batch mode. A biological pre-treated leachates sample which contains some macromolecular organic substances that were resistant to biological degradation were collected from the effluent of leachate treatment facility, of Gorgan composting plant (Golestan, Iran). UV-C lamps with different power in the range of 8-107 W at a constant distance of 10 cm from the surface of the leachate were used as the source of irradiation. Pervious concrete was constructed using LECA lightweight aggregates with the dimension of 30*10*10 cm. Immobilization of TiO2 on concrete surface was done by using concrete sealer. In order to investigate the effect of each parameter individually, some experiments were carried out. The results showed that the presence of nanoparticles and UV radiation alone did not significantly affect on the COD removal. According to the conducted experiments the maximum COD removal of 62% was achieved after 20 hr radiation with 7.5 mW.Cm-2 intensity in pH value of 5 and in presence of 60 g.m-2 of TiO2 coated on concrete. According to Iranian environmental standards and with regard to organic loading of leachate, removal efficiency of this process was in such a way that it could be directly discharged into the environment. Keyword: Leachate treatment, Photo Catalysis reaction, TiO2, light intensity, Color, COD
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Received: 2013/09/4 | Accepted: 2014/05/22 | Published: 2014/11/22

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