Volume 16, Issue 5 (2016)                   MCEJ 2016, 16(5): 45-51 | Back to browse issues page

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1- استادیار
Abstract:   (11560 Views)
Abstract: semi- connection
With regard to the increase of computing power in the past decade, finite element methods have been used to obtain the graphs of rotational moment curves which reflect non-linear effect in connections response. Using finite element methods the effect of different parameters on connections behavior can be investigated. In this study, several common semi-rigid connections are modeled and their behavioral properties are briefly reviewed and then providing the details related to a new semi-fixed connection, its behavioral properties like its hardness, ultimate capacity and ductility is investigated and is compared to other modeled connections.
In this study, to perform non-linear analyses of connection, finite element software Abaqus is used. One capability of this software is different analyses like non-linear analysis which is very applicable. In this modeling, it has been tried to have inter-component interactions according to reality as much as possible. Bolted connections are modeled exactly and the interaction among the bolt surface and hole is modeled as a hard friction with friction coefficient 0.3 with the ability of separating after loading. Also, fillet welds are modeled as a prism with triangular section. Where a groove weld is applied, since the strength in this type of welding is like base metal, two connection parts are stuck together. To mesh the element, C3D8R element is used.
To modeling the behavior of high strength bolts A10.9, the polyline elasto-plastic stress-strain curve has been used. The force is applied to samples according to the loading protocol presented by ATC-SAC which in fact is a replacement of real earthquakes.
The proposed connection n1 has the most rigidity values among semi-rigid connections. Reducing the number of connection bolts has more reducing impact on connection rigidity value, so that with the half thickness of upper and lower sheets, rigidity rate is reduced only 9%, but with the half number of bolts, rigidity rate is reduced about 64%. Also the connection n3 have lowest rigidity rate and its rigidity amount is in the class of bolted connection in seat angle to web angle.
In connections with high strength, the connection strength is highly related to girder strength and during creating plastic joint, this joint is formed in girder, while in connections with low strength, joint is formed in connection so it can be said that except joint connection state which are not applied in flexural resisting frames, four modes of rigid connection with high strength, semi-rigid connection with high strength, rigid connection with low strength and semi-rigid connection with low strength can be used in flexural resisting structures.
Connection ductility is a key parameter for semi-rigid connections in which deformations are concentrated in connection members.
Results show that the used mechanism in this connection has the ability of covering different classes of strength with the changes such as reducing the number of bolts or reducing the thickness of upper and lower sheets. Also this connection has the ability of absorbing energy and tolerating many deformations compared to other semi-rigid connections with same-class strength.
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Article Type: Technical Note | Subject: --------
Received: 2014/12/30 | Accepted: 2016/02/9 | Published: 2017/02/19

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