Volume 12, Issue 2 (2012)                   MCEJ 2012, 12(2): 85-95 | Back to browse issues page

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Bakhtiyari S, Khalili Jahromi K, .M. Kari B, Hedayati M. Research Note» Investigation on Physical, Mechanical and Reaction-to-Fire Properties of EPS Blocks in Block and Joist Floor System. MCEJ. 2012; 12 (2) :85-95
URL: http://mcej.modares.ac.ir/article-16-8352-en.html
1- Building & Housing Research Center
Abstract:   (6090 Views)
One of the important applications of Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) in Iran is its use as infill block in Block and Joist Reinforced Concrete Floors. The properties and performance of EPS blocks in this floor system, including reaction-to-fire, mechanical properties, thermal resistance and acoustical performance of the system, was studied. Fire behavior of blocks was tested with ISO 5660 cone calorimeter test method. The fire properties of standard and flame retarded types of EPS were measured and discussed, including time to ignition, average and peak values of heat release rate and total heat release. The influence of type of EPS on its fire behavior was investigated. The results showed that the time-to-ignition and total heat release parameters can not be a characteristic value for distinction between standard and fire retarded types of EPS under cone calorimeter test condition. The reason is that both types are flammable and burn completely at fire temperatures. The peak value of heat release rate (PHRR) of EPS is the most important parameter that can be utilized for distinction of Standard and flame retarded types of EPS with cone calorimeter test method. PHRR values higher than 300 kW/m 2 were achieved for standard types, but the results for flame retarded ones were less than 250 (and mostly less than 200) kW/m     2 . The fire risks of specimens were also evaluated using Conecalc software and Richardson method. The results showed that even flame retarded   EPS needs to be protected with a thermal barrier in building applications. Moreover, it is required that the   protective barrier be mechanically fixed to the structural system, since EPS melts and recedes away heat,   once it is exposed to high temperatures. Hence, it is not able to keep barrier, say plaster, in its position.   The flexural strength of blocks under static and dynamic loads and its relation with density and   dimensions of blocks was evaluated. The results showed that minimum 12 and 14 (kg/m     3 ) density of foam is required respected for 25 and 20 cm of height of blocks with a width of 50 cm. An optimum 27     2 mm was obtained for the width of sitting section of blocks on joists. The influence of different properties and   geometry of EPS block (conductivity, width, height and existence of a thermal covering layer under joists)   on thermal resistance of floor system was also studied. The THERM software, Enery Efficiency and   Renewable Energy Program, was used for evaluation of thermal resistance of the floor. The increase of   height and width of blocks caused improvement in thermal resistance of the floor system, but the best result   was obtained when a thermal covering layer was considered under the joists. The acoustical results showed   that the replace of EPS blocks with hollow clay blocks does not influence importantly the impact sound   insulation of the floor system. Neither of them can fulfill the impact sound acoustical requirements and   need to be improved with an extra system, like a floating floor or an appropriate elastic floor covering for   this purpose.    
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Received: 2011/07/6 | Accepted: 2012/03/10 | Published: 2012/07/3

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