Volume 11, Issue 2 (2011)                   MCEJ 2011, 11(2): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Shakib H, Alirezaie M. Considering the Effect of Six Component of Near-Fault Earthquake Ground Motions on the Three Dimensional Systems. MCEJ. 2011; 11 (2)
URL: http://mcej.modares.ac.ir/article-16-7876-en.html
Abstract:   (4738 Views)
Abstract: The rotational components of seismic strong-motion are attracting attention since it is becoming evident that it may contribute considerably to the overall response of structures to earthquake motions. Also, it is clear that the effects of near-fault ground motions with large velocity pulses, large amplitude, long period, and pulse type of excitation can create critical working conditions. In the near-field of an earthquake the effects of the rotational components of ground motion may not be negligible specially for important structures. In this paper, an improved method for calculating the time histories of torsional and rocking components of ground motion corresponding to a set of three recorded orthogonal translational components is presented. The current processing of earthquake records provide information only about the three translational (two horizontal and one vertical) components of the ground motion, primarily because these are the only components that can be directly instrumentally measured. However, the translational components during a seismic event are always accompanied by rotational components because of the traveling wave effects. Several studies have shown the importance of rotational components in the seismic analysis and design of structures. The seismic design codes also prescribe “accidental eccentricity” in the design force calculations to account for the unknown torsional inputs and unintended eccentricity in the design of a building. One of the reasons why this input is not explicitly taken into account in the seismic design codes is the lack of reliable information on torsional ground spectra. In this study the three rotational components of earthquakes records is generated artificial by three translational components. The torsional motions in terms of time derivative of translational components and shear wave velocity of site are derived. Seven translational earthquake records of far fault and seven translational earthquake records from near-fault have been selected. The rotational components of far fault and near fault are generated the response spectral for translational as well as rotational components are presented and compare to each other in other to verify the characteristic of the near fault response spectral compare to the far fault response spectral. Furthermore, the effect of rotational motion on structural response is investigated. Therefore the six components of earthquakes records of far fault and near fault applied to the idealized system model and the response of the system are determine.
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Received: 2009/07/18 | Accepted: 2010/09/29 | Published: 2011/09/6

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