Volume 22, Issue 2 (2022)                   MCEJ 2022, 22(2): 75-87 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Faculty of Technology and Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, East of Guilan, University of Guilan, Rudsar-Vajargah, Iran. , tbakhshpoori@guilan.ac.ir
2- M.Sc. Structural Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Branch of Ramsar, Ramsar, Iran.
Abstract:   (1063 Views)
Having a long history of seismicity and experienced destructive and deadliest earthquakes make Iran one of the vulnerable countries against earthquakes. Based on the seismic hazard zoning map presented in the Iranian seismic code (2800 provisions), more than 90% of Iranian cities are located in areas with high or very high seismic hazard zones. On the other hand expansion of urbanization in recent decades almost comprises reinforced concrete (RC) buildings. Many of these RC structures constructed in accordance with codes that did not mandate adequate detailing and reinforcement for seismic protection, may have already suffered damage since their erection, due to insufficient maintenance, earthquake activity, or other natural hazards. Therefore providing appropriate solutions for the rehabilitation of such structures has always been considered essential. Metallic energy dissipators have been grown experimentally and theoretically almost for steel structures. U-shaped metallic-yielding damper as one of the most well-known metallic energy dissipators has also developed as a lateral-load resisting system for strengthening existing steel frames. Experimental and theoretical results showed that U-shaped metallic dampers can operate with large displacements in the inelastic range and dissipate energy through the plastic deformation of the steel. The purpose of this study is to take potential advantages of this system to strengthen deficient RC structures. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this issue has rarely been considered, most of which are limited to small experimental studies. Therefore, it can be useful to study this issue numerically at the real size structural level. In this regard, three RC intermediate moment frames in 4, 6, and 8 stories and irregular in elevation are considered. Irregularity is considered by a setback in elevation of the frames as a special type of irregularity with considerable effect on seismic performance. Frames were first designed deficiently by SAP2000 software according to the provisions of the Iranian national building code and Iranian seismic code for the intermediate reinforced concrete moment-resisting frames. Then the frames strengthen by adding U-shaped metallic-yielding dampers together with inverted V-braces. The nonlinear dynamic time-history analysis is performed on all frames subjected to three far source input motions utilizing PERFORM 3D software. Nonlinear specifications of beams and columns are considered by assigning plastic hinges to them in addition to defining nonlinearity for the dampers. The results of roof displacement, base shear, inter-story drifts, and performance of frames at the life safety structural performance level are monitored for both cases with and without dampers. The use of U-shaped metallic dampers has always reduced significantly the maximum lateral displacement of the buildings. On average, under the three records of Imperial Valley, Manjil, and Tabas, the reduction is obtained as 32, 33, and 22 for 4, 6, and 8 story frames, respectively. Such a significant reduction is also visible in the inter-story drifts.  . No major effect on the maximum base shear force is observed and even in some cases, it is increased up to 10%. Failure of frames reduced by transferring nonlinearity of elements to the dampers and seismic performance assessment indicates that dampers strengthen frames to almost satisfy the requirements of the life safety level.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Earthquake
Received: 2021/05/30 | Accepted: 2022/02/22 | Published: 2022/07/1

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