Volume 21, Issue 2 (2021)                   MCEJ 2021, 21(2): 93-104 | Back to browse issues page

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Khazaee D, Ardakani A, Hassanlourad M. Comparison of static and post-cyclic pullout strength of geogrid embedded in silty sand. MCEJ 2021; 21 (2) :93-104
URL: http://mcej.modares.ac.ir/article-16-38710-en.html
1- Imam Khomeini International University
2- Imam khomeini International Universituy , a.ardakani@eng.ikiu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1442 Views)
The interaction between soil and geosynthetics has great importance in engineering work, especially in design and stability analysis of geosynthetic-reinforced geotechnical structures. In recent decades, several laboratory methods have been performed to properly understand the interaction between soil and geogrids, including pullout test, large-scale direct shear test. Although factors such as the geometry of the reinforced soil system and its construction process may affect the interaction properties between the soil and the geosynthetic, these properties are strongly influenced by the physical and mechanical properties of the soil and the geometrical and mechanical properties of the geosynthetic. Pullout test determines the geosynthetic pullout resistance, which is an important design parameter in relation to the internal stability of geosynthetic-reinforced geotechnical structures, and allows the measurement of displacements throughout the specimen during the pullout testing. Pullout force refers to the tensile force required to create an external sliding of geogrid embedded in soil mass. The tensile strength of the reinforcement consists of the frictional resistance on the surface of the longitudinal and transverse members of the geogrid and the passive resistance that is mobilized against the transverse members. Although fine-grained soil is recommended in the design of geosynthetic-reinforced soil structures, many geosynthetic-reinforced soil structures are constructed using soil containing a fine percentage. Therefore it is important to investigate the effect of fine grains on the stability and performance of such soil structures under different loading conditions. Geosynthetic-reinforced soil structures are sometimes affected by cyclic loads due to traffic and train crossings, vibration of industrial machinery, wave and earthquake. In this study, by performing static and multistage pullout tests, the static and post-cyclic pullout behavior of a uniaxial geogrid manufactured in Iran under the brand GPGRID80/30 is presented. The tests were carried out on a large scale pullout box with a dimension of 90 × 50 × 50 cm and with a constant rate and multi-stage procedures on three different soil types including clean sand, sand containing 10 and 20% fine silt and three effective vertical stresses of 20, 40 and 60 kPa. Results show that geogrid static pullout resistance increases with increasing effective vertical stress in all three different soil types. Also, the increase of silt in the sandy soil resulted in an increase in the monotonic maximum pullout resistance at effective stress of 20 kPa. The geogrid behavior in all three soils for 20 kPa vertical effective stress was strain softening and for the 40 and 60 kPa vertical effective stress ​​the geogrid pullout behavior was strain hardening. However, 10% increase in silt content leads to a slight decrease in monotonic pullout resistance and a 20% increase resulted the slight increase in monotonic pullout resistance of geogrid at vertical stress of 40 and 60 kPa. As the amount of silt content increased, the effect of cyclic loading on post-cyclic resistance increased, especially in vertical effective stresses of 40 and 60 kPa. Also, at effective stress of 20 kPa, the geogrid post-cyclic resistance decreased in all three sands, sand containing 10% silt and sand containing 20% silt relative to its corresponding monotonic pullout resistance.

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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Geotechnic
Received: 2019/12/4 | Accepted: 2021/01/12 | Published: 2021/05/22

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