Volume 20, Issue 3 (2020)                   MCEJ 2020, 20(3): 41-53 | Back to browse issues page

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roustazadeh@yahoo.com S, daneshju F. Improved damage detection algorithm using dynamic displacement of deck of bridges under traveling load. MCEJ. 2020; 20 (3) :41-53
URL: http://mcej.modares.ac.ir/article-16-27076-en.html
1- Tarbiat modares universuty
2- Tarbiat modares university , danesh_fa@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (886 Views)
According to the vital role that bridges play in transportation system and also communications of a society, monitoring their structural safety and keeping theme in service is crucial. Numerous methods have been proposed for detecting probable damages in bridges. Unfortunately most of them are based on comparison between the response of bridge in an intact and damaged state. Therefore intact state response must be known. However, not always it’s true in practice. So proposing a method which can determine and localize damages without prior knowledge of intact state is necessary. Such a method which was proposed by Sun et al. is studied carefully. Through the aforementioned method, the dynamic displacement response of a simply supported beam was decomposed into a dynamic component and a quasi-static component. Using Maxwell-Betti law of reciprocal deflection, the quasi-static component was attributed to the static deflection of the beam. Later damage which is defined by loss of stiffness, could be localized based on the abrupt changes in the static deflection curvature as it is related to bending moment and flexural stiffness of a beam. It is found out that the decomposition approach proposed by Sun et al. is restricted to fact that only one mode of oscillation must be dominant and also the natural frequency of motion must be determined through experimental measuring. Another limitation is that the abrupt changes in the curvature diagram cannot be related to damage essentially as curvature is also affected by the bending moment. In this study two modifications were proposed to get more accurate results in localizing the imposed damages. The first modification is the use of EMD method in order to decompose the displacement response into its intrinsic mode functions. Hence the aforementioned method could be used in real bridge displacement responses as higher modes corporations can also be determined and extracted through EMD process and finally the quasi-static component is determined as the residue of EMD algorithm. Also the ambient noise may be decomposed from the original signal, improving the method to work in real situations. The second modification is creating an imaginary constant moment length in the beam by the use of super position principle. So sudden increase in the curvature diagram is essentially a damage. Different scenarios of damage were studied and both methods have been used to detect damage in each scenario. Results show a great improvement in detection and localization of damage using the improved algorithm rather than the original proposed method. Eventually a five span real bridge model was taken into study. The improved damaged detection method could clearly determine the longitudinal position of the damage.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Civil and Structural Engineering
Received: 2018/11/11 | Accepted: 2019/07/9 | Published: 2020/10/31

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