Volume 18, Issue 4 (2018)                   MCEJ 2018, 18(4): 171-185 | Back to browse issues page

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FARAJMOHAMMADIEH M, aouria A. Effects Of Deep Excavation on Seismic Vulnerability of Existing Steel Framed Structures. MCEJ. 2018; 18 (4) :171-185
URL: http://mcej.modares.ac.ir/article-16-16865-en.html
1- فارغ التحصیل
2- Associate Prof, Civil Engineering Dept ,University Ardabil
Abstract:   (3348 Views)
In this paper the effects of deep excavation on seismic vulnerability of existing buildings are investigated. It is well known that deep excavations induce significant changes both in stress and strain fields of the soil around them, causing a displacement field which can modify both the static and dynamic responses of existing buildings. A FEM model of a real case study, which takes into account geometry, non-linear soil behavior, live and dead loads, boundary conditions and soil–structure interaction, has been developed in order to estimate the soil displacements and their effects on seismic behavior of a reinforced concrete framed system close to deep excavation. Along with increasing urban activities, and developing underground facilities, subway stations, parking spaces and other underground structures, excavations made with various depths in urban areas around existing structures has been turn into an inevitable issue. The excavations cause significant changes in the stress and strain fields of the soil under the existing building foundations and finally result in horizontal and vertical displacements under the foundation as well as large changes in static and dynamic response of existing structures. The main objective in the present study is in particular to investigate the above-mentioned problems using a study performed on 4 types of soil as classified in 2800 earthquake regulations with a model of deep excavation in the vicinity of a steel framed building. In this study in order to evaluate the effect of deep excavation on seismic vulnerability of existing buildings, the required analyses has been carried out in three parts and using PLAXIS and SAP 2000. Nonlinear dynamic analysis of soil has been performed using PLAXIS software in which due to its inability to perform nonlinear dynamic structural analysis, the SAP 2000 software is used for nonlinear dynamic analysis. In the first part of the study, using PLAXIS software for conducting the static analysis horizontal and vertical displacements under the foundation subjected to dead and live load have been calculated in two stages before and after the excavation. In the second part, using PLAXIS software, dynamic analysis has been conducted for both mentioned stages with the application of ten scaled records which are chosen based on the model of each site. Afterwards, the acceleration response under the foundation is calculated. This part aims to evaluate the effect of excavation on the acceleration response and use it as an input for structural analysis in SAP 2000 software. In the third part, the structure is modeled in SAP 2000 software, the displacements resulted from the first part are applied to the foundation and using the acceleration response (output of PLAXIS), nonlinear dynamic analysis of the structure is conducted in two stages. The results indicate that the excavation made in all models causes the increased horizontal and vertical displacements. Therefore, both increasing the excavation depth and performing struts, vertical displacements and horizontal displacements increase by a smaller and bigger percentage change, respectively. The acceleration response under the foundation in soil types 1, 2, 3, and 4 increases 51%, 35%, 66% and 27%, respectively. In addition, the maximum displacement of the structure increases 1.6, 1.3, 1.9 and 2.5 times more compared to that before excavation, respectively.
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Article Type: Original Manuscript | Subject: Earthquake
Received: 2017/09/25 | Accepted: 2018/11/11 | Published: 2018/11/15

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