Volume 14, Issue 3 (2014)                   MCEJ 2014, 14(3): 165-175 | Back to browse issues page

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bahrami yarahmadi M. Bed topography variations in a 90° mild bend due to wedge-shaped spur dike. MCEJ. 2014; 14 (3) :165-175
URL: http://mcej.modares.ac.ir/article-16-11840-en.html
Abstract:   (4261 Views)
To control the outer bend of river from scour different structures such as spur dike, bendway weir and submerged vane can be used for modification of flow pattern. With interaction of these structures and water flow scour around structure occurs that is the main cause of their failures. It is assumed that the change of geometry and layout of structure can change bed topography for its stability and that is the purpose of the present study. Therefore, in this study a Triangle-shaped spur dike with different angles (23, 30, 40, 60 and 70 degrees) to the upstream direction under different hydraulic conditions (Froude numbers 0.194, 0.214, 0.233 and 0.253) was tested. For all experiments, single Triangle-shaped spur dike was installed outside bend of flume in 72° position which maximum scour depth is usually occurring. For all experiments, flow depth was kept constant equal to 13 cm. At the end of each experiment bed topography was measured and from that the scouring zone, maximum scour depth and distance of scour hole was computed. The results showed that the overall scour hole is created in toe of the spur dike that is expanded to the upstream and downstream structure. Triangle-shaped spur dike with 23 and 60 degree installation was found to create the minimum and maximum scour depth as well as its distance from the outer bank respectively. The maximum scour depth for spur dike with angles of 23 and 60° was measured to be 0.127 and 0.496 of the spur dike effective length respectively. In addition, the maximum scour depth distance of above mentioned angles from the outer bank was respectively, 0.743 and 1.6 the effective length of structure. Eroded sediments were deposited downstream the spur dike and point bars are developed. By increasing of spur dike angle, the point bars are formed away from the outer bank and extended in flume width. For spur dike angles of 23 and 70° the point bar distance from the outer bank was equal to 0.228 and 0.365 effective length of the structure respectively. To control the outer bend of river from scour different structures such as spur dike, bendway weir and submerged vane can be used for modification of flow pattern. With interaction of these structures and water flow scour around structure occurs that is the main cause of their failures. It is assumed that the change of geometry and layout of structure can change bed topography for its stability and that is the purpose of the present study. Therefore, in this study a Triangle-shaped spur dike with different angles (23, 30, 40, 60 and 70 degrees) to the upstream direction under different hydraulic conditions (Froude numbers 0.194, 0.214, 0.233 and 0.253) was tested. For all experiments, single Triangle-shaped spur dike was installed outside bend of flume in 72° position which maximum scour depth is usually occurring. For all experiments, flow depth was kept constant equal to 13 cm.
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Article Type: Original Manuscript | Subject: -------|-------
Received: 2013/07/14 | Accepted: 2014/05/1 | Published: 2014/11/22

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