Volume 7, Issue 11 (2008)                   MCEJ 2008, 7(11): 33-44 | Back to browse issues page

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A Comparison Between the Ablation, Thermal and Micro-Structural Properties of Resole Matrix Composites Reinforced with Various Reinforcements. MCEJ. 2008; 7 (11) :33-44
URL: http://mcej.modares.ac.ir/article-16-10730-en.html
Abstract:   (5129 Views)
The effect of various reinforcements on the ablative composites has been discussed in this paper. The ability of phenolic resin to reside a char layer at high temperatures is the main reason to select it as a matrix. Analysis of the physical ablation process of a composite and low thermal conductivity of zirconium oxide is performed to produce Resole/carbon fabrics composites coated with a thin film of zirconium at the back side of the specimens. Different materials, such as carbon fabrics, glass fabrics, and also silica and zirconium powders have been used as reinforcements for synthesis of the composites. The specimens were prepared with three sets of compositions. The first set was produced with 37.5 wt% of Resole and 62.5 wt% of reinforcements. Another set of specimens were produced with 40wt% Resole, 40 wt% of silica and 20 wt% of zirconium. To explore the ablation characteristics of the composites in terms of insulation index, erosion rate and microscopic pattern of ablation, an oxyacetylene torch flame with heat flux of 8.35 Mw/m2 at approximately 3000°C was used. It was found from ablation test that the erosion rates of the Resole/carbon fabric specimens are 20% lower than that of the other specimens. Additionally the high insulation index of the Resole/carbon fabrics coated with zirconium, indicates that these composites are the best ablative materials in the present study. SEM observations show that the thermo mechanical and thermo physical erosion effects are the most important factors that influence the ablation process. The proper adhesion between reinforcements and matrix is important to achieve improved ablative properties.
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Received: 1901/12/14 | Accepted: 1901/12/14 | Published: 2009/07/28

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