Volume 16, Issue 3 (2016)                   IQBQ 2016, 16(3): 13-25 | Back to browse issues page

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Parsian H, MostofiNejad D, Tadayon M. Experimental study on correlation between the results of different methods of measuring the electrical resistivity of concrete. IQBQ. 2016; 16 (3) :13-25
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-16-11343-en.html
1- Isfahan University of Technology (IUT)
Abstract:   (1475 Views)
The purpose of this research is to develop relationships to predict the results of measuring the electrical resistivity of the standard test method ASTM C1760 with assistance of other methods’ results. Comparative Methods in this paper are Impedance spectroscopy method , one electrode method and four electrode method. Impedance spectroscopy method is the most common in laboratory studies , ASTM C1760 method (Standard Test Method for Bulk Electrical Conductivity of Hardened Concrete) only has a standard rule and use in laboratory , one electrode method is a new technique in field and it’s application is in the reinforcement structures , and four electrode measurements are more common in field. In laboratory methods, bulk electrical resisitivity measured but in field , usually surface electrical resisitivty evaluated , that is why several source of errors affecting on the results of this test methods. To reach the aim of this research , 49 mix designs with a vast domination of electrical resistivity from about 40 (Ω-m) to 290 (Ω-m) was intended and for each of mix designs , 4 cylindrical and one reinforced slab specimen were made. reinforced slab specimen for one electrode measurement and cylindrical specimens for the other test method measurments were considered. Moreover , the electrical resistance of the aforementioned methods was measured at 28 days age. The results showed that there is a negligible difference between the results of impedance spectroscopy and ASTM C1760 methods; however , the electrical resistivity measured by ASTM C1760 method was slightly higher than the results of impedance spectroscopy method in the concrete. As a result , we can use the results of the impedance spectroscopy method instead of standard test method results in the lack of facilities with accepting about 5% of error. In the four electrode method , a number of factors including the imbalance among the distances between electrodes and structure dimensions can result systematic errors. That is why the measurements’ results with the method is approximately 140% larger than the standard test method results. Due to the lack of a comprehensive relationship for calculating the cell constant in the one electrode method , the value of this constant was obtained by comparing the results of the standard test method. After that , the electrical resistivity values were calculated. Electrical resistivity measurement results which was obtained by this method had also little difference with the standard test method results. Finally 3 relationships separately developed for predicting the result of standard test method from results of the each other test methods. Since the features and conditions of measuring by the standard test method are not available in the entire projects , the current results are capable to predict the standard method’s results with assistance of other methods’ results.
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: -------
Received: 2015/02/12 | Accepted: 2015/06/17 | Published: 2016/07/22

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