Volume 15, Issue 3 (2015)                   IQBQ 2015, 15(3): 149-158 | Back to browse issues page

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Ameri M, Vamegh M, Rohoolamini H, bemana K. Evaluation of Nanoclay Effects on the Permanent Deformation of Hot Mix Asphalt. IQBQ. 2015; 15 (3) :149-158
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-16-10143-en.html
Abstract:   (2732 Views)
Permanent deformation or rutting in wheel paths is one of the most important failure modes in asphalt pavements that affect the pavement life . Permanent deformation in asphalt mixtures can be defined as the unrecoverable cumulative deformation that occurs mainly at high temperatures in the wheel paths as a result of repeated traffic loading . The deformation results in depressions on the pavement surface along the wheel tracks relative to other points on the surface . Permanent deformation in wheel paths is one of the fundamental defects that occur due to lack of bearing capacity in flexible pavement layers . This type of defect usually occurs in the roads in the tropical areas . Rutting occurs due to cumulative non - reversible Permanent deformations in the pavement layers under repeated traffic loading . In order to increase pavement life and consequently decrease maintenance related traffic delays , great demands are placed on permanent deformation resistance of asphalt mixtures . Hot Mix Asphalt is composed of aggregates and asphalt binder . Properties of these materials have important effects on the pavement structure performance. Although , asphalt binder is a little part of mixture ( in comparison with aggregates ) , but has major effects on the performance , durability and stability of the asphalt concrete mixture . Any change in asphalt properties will result significant changes in the asphalt concrete mixture performance . Since asphalt cement ( AC ) never fully satisfying lacks the physical and mechanical properties , researchers are constantly trying to improve the asphalt cement properties . Asphalt cement modification will result improved quality and increased life of the pavement . Nano - particles is one of the additives that are used to modify the properties of asphalt cement . Nano - clays are unique materials as additives to make significant improvements in the material properties of polymer Nano -composites. Nano-clay polymer materials typically strengthen the mechanical properties, modulus and stability of these cases. In this research, it is assumed that subgrade, sub-base and base layers of flexible pavement have sufficient resistance to rutting. Nanoclay is used to modification of bitumen properties for Hot Mix Asphalt mixtures better bearing capacity and resistance to rutting. So, limestone aggregate with 4 degration number, AC 60-70 and two types of montmorillonite Nanoclay: Cloisite 15A and Cloisite 30B are used in this study. Marshall and Dynamic creep tests in two stress levels ( 300 and 450 KPa ) at 50 ° C , as well as rutting test on the HMA samples with 0 , 2 , 4 and 6 percent of each Nanoclay were performed . Test results show that adding Nanoclay will result the better performance of HMA samples .
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: ------
Received: 2013/11/30 | Accepted: 2015/08/12 | Published: 2015/09/23

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